Read/review the following resources for this activity:
- Textbook: Chapter 15, 16
- Lesson: Read this Week’s Lesson which is located in the Modules tab.
- Initial Post: minimum of 2 scholarly sources (must include your textbook for one of the sources). Follow-Up Post: minimum of 1 scholarly source for your Follow-Up Post.
- Your Initial Post and your Follow-Up Post must be based on the same Option that you chose in order to receive credit for both posts.
Initial Post Instructions
For the initial post, respond to one of the following options, and label the beginning of your post indicating either Option 1 or Option 2:
- Option 1: The Equal Rights Amendment was first proposed almost a century ago and has still not been added to the United States Constitution. It is supposed to guarantee equal legal rights for all American citizens regardless of sex. It was first introduced to Congress by Alice Paul, leader of women’s suffrage movement in 1923. Compare/contrast the Equal Rights Amendment with the Fourteenth Amendment. Did they deal with separate concepts? Explain your answer.
- Option 2: The Bill of Rights is not only included with the United States Constitution but also state constitutions. All states have provisions in their constitutions that protect individual rights. Go online and look up your state constitution concerning amendments that are included in the Bill of Rights. How does your state constitution protect your individual rights?
Be sure to make connections between your ideas and conclusions and the research, concepts, terms, and theory we are discussing this week.
Discussion- Option 1
The Fourteenth Amendment caters to people’s rights and privileges, thereby being likened to the Equal Rights Amendment. Whereas the Fourteenth Amendment and the Equal Rights Amendment focus on guaranteeing equal legal rights to Americans, there are underlying differences between them. The first variation is in their wording. For instance, the first proposal of the Equal Rights Amendment stated, “men and women shall have equal rights throughout the United States and places that are subject to the US’s jurisdiction.” The Amendment also required congress to enforce these rights through proper legislation. The wording varies from the Fourteenth Amendment, which states, “no state shall make or enforce legislation that abridges immunities or privileges of the US citizens” (Currie, 2020). Moreover, it barred states from depriving people life, property, or liberty without due legal process. The subsequent Amendment of the Equal Rights Movement, especially in 1943, aligned more towards sex-based differences. The change helped shape the Amendment to align with women, who were its main proponents. Therefore, its push for equal rights was centered on not discriminating against people based on sex.
Despite the variations, the Equal Rights Amendment and the Fourteenth Amendment all focus on ensuring that US citizens receive equal rights. For instance, they ensure that
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