NURS 6521 Week 5 Discussion: Diabetes

Each year, 1.5 million Americans are diagnosed with diabetes (American
Diabetes Association, 2019). If left untreated, diabetic patients are at risk for
several alterations, including heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, neuropathy,
and blindness. There are various methods for treating diabetes, many of which
include some form of drug therapy. The type of diabetes as well as the patient’s
behavior factors will impact treatment recommendations.
For this Discussion, you compare types of diabetes, including drug treatments for type
1, type 2, gestational, and juvenile diabetes.
Reference: American Diabetes Association. (2019). Statistics about diabetes. Retrieved from
To Prepare
 Review the Resources for this module and reflect on differences between types
of diabetes, including type 1, type 2, gestational, and juvenile diabetes.
 Select one type of diabetes to focus on for this Discussion.
 Consider one type of drug used to treat the type of diabetes you selected,
including proper preparation and administration of this drug. Then, reflect on
dietary considerations related to treatment.
 Think about the short-term and long-term impact of the diabetes you selected on
patients, including effects of drug treatments.

By Day 3 of Week 5

Post a brief explanation of the differences between the types of diabetes, including type
1, type 2, gestational, and juvenile diabetes. 
Describe one type of drug used to treat the
type of diabetes you selected, including proper preparation and administration of this
drug. Be sure to include dietary considerations related to treatment. 
Then, explain the short-term and long-term impact of this type of diabetes on patients. including effects of
drug treatments. Be specific and provide examples.



Diabetes and Drug Treatments




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Diabetes and Drug Treatments

Diabetes is a metabolic disorder characterized defect in insulin secretion. It affects the body’s usage of glucose, altering the activities of the cells. In 2019 more than 37 million people were diagnosed with Diabetes mellitus (DM) in America, which amount to over 11% of the population (American Association, 2020). As a result, the disease has burdened the health care systems in giving services to patients with different needs, such as ensuring adequate glycemic, blood pressure, and lipid control. The paper aims to differentiate the types of diabetes, types of drugs, and diagnoses.

Differentiating Type on and Type 2 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is also known as Juvenile diabetes. There are two types of type 1 DM which include autoimmune and idiopathic or non-immune. In autoimmune-mediated DM, environmental-genetic factors trigger cell-mediated destruction of pancreatic beta cells (McCance, & Huether, 2019).   Destruction of beta cells leads to little or no insulin secretion. The disease mostly occurs in ages below 30 years, with 75% of individuals developing the disease (McCance & Huether, 2019). Type one disease usually depends on insulin, and people with the disease do not develop obesity. Affected individuals have a varying degree of insulin deficiency, lack islet autoantibodies, and are prone to ketosis (McCance & Huether, 2019). Idiopathic is less common and occurs secondary to other diseases such as pancreatitis. Affected individuals require insulin replacement therapy in a few cases.

Type 2 DM. Type 2 DM is not insulin-dependent and involves genetic environment interactions, including those that code for beta cell mass and beta-cell functionality, like sensing glucose level, insulin synthesis, and secretions (McCance & Huether, 2019). Other genetic factors include insulin receptors, hepatic synthesis of glucose, and cellular responsiveness to insulin stimulation. Affected individuals are not prone to ketones, and obesity is common in the abdomen region. The diseases generally occur

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