In this assignment, students will pull together the capstone project change proposal components they have been working on throughout the course to create a proposal inclusive of sections for each content focus area in the course. For this project, the student will apply evidence-based research steps and processes required as the foundation to address a clinically oriented problem or issue in future practice.
Develop a 2,500-4,000 written project that includes the following information as it applies to the problem, issue, suggestion, initiative, or educational need profiled in the capstone change proposal:
- Clinical problem statement.
- Purpose of the change proposal in relation to providing patient care in the changing health care system.
- PICOT question.
- Literature search strategy employed.
- Evaluation of the literature.
- Applicable change or nursing theory utilized.
- Proposed implementation plan with outcome measures.
- Discussion of how evidence-based practice was used in creating the intervention plan.
- Plan for evaluating the proposed nursing intervention.
- Identification of potential barriers to plan implementation, and a discussion of how these could be overcome.
- Appendix section, for evaluation tools and educational materials, etc. are created.
Review the feedback from your instructor on the PICOT Question Paper, and Literature Review. Use this feedback to make appropriate revisions to these before submitting.
NRS 493 Professional Capstone and Practicum
Nurse Educational Programs to Reduce In-patient Elderly Falls
Falls among the elderly are a significant concern in the United States and the leading cause of mortality and morbidity among the population (Alshammari et al., 2018). A significant number of elderly patients experience a fall incident annually. Some of the risk factors among the population include weak muscles, medications, balance problems, vision problems, acute illness, and environmental hazards (Jin, 2018). Most of the incidences in the unit resulted in serious injuries that prolonged their stay at the hospital, which translated to high medical costs.
Falls among the elderly have a significant implication for nursing care. Nurses have an intimate knowledge of the healthcare environment; they, therefore, play a vital role in fall prevention among the geriatric population. A huge percentage of the elderly population is unaware of the fall risk factors (Heng et al., 2020). Therefore, the nurses can initiate education programs to educate the population on the risk factors. Nurses interact more with the patients. Therefore, they know the patients at greater risk of falls and can closely monitor them. Nurses understand the environmental hazards that lead to falls, such as poor lighting and slippery floors. They can therefore caution the patients and assist them when possible. For falls caused by
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